Thousands of years
ago, human beings began using cattle as a source of food,
clothing material, and transportation. Farmers have different
names for the different kinds of cattle.
is an adult male bovine that can still be a father. Farmers
usually keep few bulls around the farm because they are larger
and more aggressive than the female cows. One bull can father calves
(baby cows) with many different cows. For this reason, serious
cattle ranchers take special care to feed their bulls healthy
cattle that cannot father calves are called steer, and they are
often killed for their meat. Sometimes, they may help to haul
things around the farm. Then, they are called oxen.
are important animals in many ancient cultures. In India cows
are sacred. They were also important symbols of fertility and
creation in Ancient Egypt and Greece.